Lavjay . Butani,University of California Davis,Sacramento,CA

Rationale: Adult learning theory posits that active learner engagement, as opposed to a more passive and pedagogical based approach, leads to more effective and sustained knowledge building. Questioning can be a very effective method of engaging and motivating learners, yet one that is potentially fraught with challenges. We all recall times in our education when pimping during rounds was par for the course and quite frightening to experience. Creating a safe learning environment is a key factor in facilitating the progress of learners towards the achievement of competence. How then, do we balance the two?

Objectives: At the end of the workshop, participants should be better able to: 1) Discuss the framework on how to formulate questions for various levels of learners, 2) Match different teaching styles to specific teaching goals, and 3) Demonstrate the use of questioning in a supportive, non-confrontational manner

Methods and Content: This workshop will outline an approach that can be used to motivate and challenge learners to stretch, using a questioning strategy, while maintaining a safe learning environment. Areas covered will include how to select the focus of the questions based on learner developmental level (using the Dreyfus continuum and Blooms taxonomy) and how to frame the questions based on learner readiness and the learning goals (using Quirks teaching styles and the Hersey-Blanchard Situational Leadership Model). Lastly, strategies on how to pose questions, including when there are multiple levels of learners simultaneously present, in a safe manner, will be reviewed. The materials discussed and presented, and the tools provided during this workshop, will not only help educators use a questioning strategy themselves but also to teach the trainers (other faculty, residents and interns) on how to stimulate learning in a non-threatening manner. We will use a variety of interactive techniques throughout the workshop including small and large group discussions, role playing and video clips with debrief. Participants will leave with a toolbox of various techniques to promote learning using a questioning approach, while promoting a safe learning environment.