PUTTING THE SPARCS BACK INTO YOUR TEACHING
Lavjay . Butani,University of California Davis,Sacramento,CA
Rationale: Motivation, the amount of effort a person is willing to exert in the pursuit of a goal, has both direction and magnitude. Facilitating intrinsic motivation among learners (especially learners of the new generation) is no small task, yet it is the key to promoting effective learning. Even in a team setting, motivation is an important factor that drives individuals to commit to and sustain interest towards a shared goal. The ARCS model by John Keller is a motivational design model, based on literature from the field of educational psychology, that connects goals of learners to instructional content allowing for a curriculum that engages and motivates learners through tactics that complement teaching goals. These are categorized into strategies that can be employed to grab learner Attention (A) and then sustain attention/motivation by tactics that make the teaching Relevant (R) to learner needs, build learner Confidence (C) in their newly acquired knowledge and skills, and lastly lead to learner Satisfaction (S).
Objectives: At the end of the workshop, participants should be better able to: 1) Describe the four components of the ARCS model 2) Discuss barriers to increasing learner motivation, and 3) Propose specific strategies to increase learner motivation using this model
Methods and Content: In this workshop we will review the components of the ARCS model as it applies to medical education and discuss ways to incorporate this unique model both into our day to day teaching efforts and on how to integrate this in a structured manner into existing and new curricula, to bring the zip back into our teaching! Using video clips, small group and large group interactive discussions, the workshop will explore ways on how to motivate learners and overcome barriers, using the framework of the model. Participants will leave with a toolbox of strategies to promote learning by incorporating elements from each of the 4 domains of the ARCS model (Attention, Relevance, Confidence and Satisfaction).