Council on Medical Student Education in Pediatrics

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Curriculum Competencies and Objectives

PREFACE | PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT AND ATTITUDES | SKILLS | HEALTH SUPERVISION | GROWTH | DEVELOPMENT | BEHAVIOR | NUTRITION | PREVENTION |ISSUES UNIQUE TO ADOLESCENCE | ISSUES UNIQUE TO THE NEWBORN | MEDICAL GENETICS AND DYSMORPHOLOGY | COMMON ACUTE PEDIATIC ILLNESS | COMMON CHRONIC ILLNESS AND DISABILITY | THERAPEUTICS | FLUID AND ELECTROLYTE MANAGEMENT | POISONING | PEDIATRIC EMERGENCIES | CHILD ABUSE | CHILD ADVOCACY | COMMON PEDIATRIC ILLNESS TABLE | CLINICAL ENCOUNTER TABLE | DIAGNOSIS LIST | CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT PARTICIPANTS

PREVENTION

Rationale
Prerequisites
Competencies

Rationale

Physicians routinely incorporate strategies for prevention of illness and injury into routine health supervision. Immunizations have resulted in a drastic reduction in the rates of certain infectious diseases. Injuries cause the majority of deaths in childhood and adolescence. Illness and injury prevention must be a prominent and recurrent theme during health maintenance and other health care visits. The American Academy of Pediatrics most medical groups no longer use the term "accident" as most childhood injuries are believed to be predictable and preventable.

Note: There is a significant amount of overlap with the Health Supervision portion of the curriculum. Poisoning is covered in a separate section. Domestic violence is also addressed in the sections on Behavior, Issues Unique to Adolescence, and Child Abuse.

Prerequisites

  • Knowledge of clinical epidemiologic concepts as they pertain to estimation of health risk and prevention of illness and injury.
  • Understanding of the impact that culture, socioeconomic status and environment have on illness and injury prevalence and patterns.
  • An understanding of childhood development in order to better understand risk and provide age appropriate prevention strategies.

Competencies

Knowledge

  1. Describe how risk of illness and injury change during growth and development and give examples of the age-and development-related illnesses and injuries. (CP)
  2. List the immunizations currently recommended from birth through adolescence and identify patients whose immunizations are delayed. (CP)
  3. Describe the rationale, and general indications and contraindications of immunizations. (CP) Explain how screening for family violence may serve as an important preventive health practice. (CP)
  4. Describe the key components of a pre participation sports physical. (M)
  5. Describe infection control precautions that help limit the spread of infectious diseases in patients and health care providers (e.g. handwashing, masks, and N-95 masks in patients with tuberculosis). (U)

Skills

  1. Provide age-appropriate anticipatory guidance for the following: motor vehicle safety, infant sleeping position, falls, burns, poisoning, fire safety, choking, water safety, bike safety, sexually transmitted diseases, firearms and weapons. (CP)

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